23 October 2016

Gödöllö Castle

During my recent stay in Budapest this summer i ofcourse also made a trip to Gödöllo Castle which is located outside of Budapest. The Castle was built until 1645 gor the hungarian Count Antal Grassalkovich who was a conmfidant of Empress Maria Theresia, Queen of Hungary.  It weas buolt a a 3wing Castle with Innercourt. After his death the Castle weas inherited by his son was later ruised to an hungarian prince. He did however not spend much time there and preferred his residences in Vienna and Preßburg. Only Prince Antal III. Grassalkovich sopend more time at Gödöllö and he let the baroque Garden redesign to an landshape Garden. In 1841 Prince Antal III. BGrassalkovich died without male Issue. In the future Gödöllö Castle had different owners. in 1867 after the austrian-hungarian balance it was bought for the crown and the hungarian Parlament gave it as a coronation gift to Emperor-King Franz Joseph I. and Empress-Queen Elisabeth s year, was acquired by the Hungarian state and given as a coronation gift to the King and his wife. On the occasion of the coronation the castle was restored and rebuilt and the park reforested. The then newly planned railway line was passed at the castle and a separate waiting room was set up for the royal family. The castle became one of Empress-Queen Elisabeth's favorite havens, hating the austere imperial court at the Schönbrunn Palace and the Hofburg Palace. In Gödöllő, apart from protocol and court ceremonial, she was able to lead a freer life than in the Austrian capital. Until her death in 1898, she spent more than 2000 days there , mainly in the spring and autumn. After the murder of Elisabeth, Franz Joseph visited the castle more rarely, last he stayed here in 1911. His successor, Emperor-King Karl I, only stayed for a short time Gödöllő, his last visit took place in October 1918, and the events of the lost World War I made it impossible to return.
From 1918 the castle was under the administration of the Hungarian Treasury. As a result of the political twists and turns, the Hungarian Rhaetian Republic came to power shortly after 1919, under which the castle was plundered and turned into an orphanage.After the collapse of the Soviet Republic, Miklós Horthy was appointed as the so-called Reichsverweser from 1920, who administered the now royal Hungary . In his capacity as Deputy to the King, he obtained the right to use the castle of Gödöllő and took up the former rooms of Franz Joseph, his wife received Queen Elisabeth's room. The castle was redesigned inside and received a new furnishing.In the course of the Second World War the castle received a bomb hit, but otherwise remained undamaged. From December 1944 troops of the German Wehrmacht occupied the castle, which were expelled shortly afterwards by the Red Army. Subsequently, the building was plundered and then used for military purposes. The northern wing was occupied by units of the Hungarian army, while the southern wing was occupied by Soviet soldiers. From 1958, the now largely neglected castle became an old people's home. Simple iron beds were placed in the royal salons, and the banquet hall was demolished into a TV and lounge.
After 1990 the Institutions left the Castle and from 1994 a Renovation started and the Inner rooms where restored. Since August 1996 it is open to the Public. It it now a Muxseum and displayed is most the royal time of the Castle. Several of the rooms of Emperor-King Franz Joseph and Empress-Queen Elisabeth have been restored.


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