29 January 2011

Hohenzollern Castle


Hohenzollern Castle is located on top of the mountain Hohenzollern near Hechingen. a city on the Swabian Alb. It is the ancestral seat ofthe Family of  Hohenzollern.  The first Castle was constructed in the first half of the 11th Century.
Later the  Family split into two branches, but the Castle remained the property of the Swabian branch, which was dynastically senior to the Franconian/Brandenburg branch which eventually became Kings of Prussia. 
In 1423 the Castle was completly destroyed in a 10m-month siege by the imperial Cities of Swaba.  From 1454-1561  a second bigger Castle was build and served as refugee for the cathloic swabian branch of the Family during wartime including the 30-years War. By the end of the 18th century, however, the Castle was thought to have lost its strategic importance and gradually fell into disrepair, leading to the demolition of several dilapidated buildings. Today, only the chapel remains from the medieval castle.
The third and present version of the Castle was constructed for King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. of Prussia between 1846 and 1867, under the direction of Friedrich August Stüler, who based his design on English Neo-Gothic style as well as the castles in Loire. Because the Castle was built as a family memorial, no member of the Hohenzollern family took residence in this third castle until 1945. Only then it became home to the last prussian-german Crown Prince Wilhelm who lived her until his death. Both he and his wife Crown Princess Cecilie as well as other Family members are buried on a small Cemetery on   the St. Michaels Bastion.
Now the Castle is a popular Tourist attraction and among the items who are siplayed are the Crown of the prussian Kings and some personal Items of King Friedrich II. (The Great) of Prussia. 
The Castle is now co-owned by both Parts of the Family. The Royal Family of Prussia owns 2/3  and the Princely Family owns 1/3 of the Castle.


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The Eagle Gate

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The garden Bastion
with Bustus of the prussian Kings 

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Friedrich Wilhelm Elector (Der große Kurfürst) of Brandenburg
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Friedrich Wilhelm I., King in Prussia

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Friedrich I., King in Prussia


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Friedrich II. (Der Große) King of Prussia

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Friedrich Wilhelm II. King of Prussia
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Friedrich Wilhelm III., King of Prussia















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Friedrich Wilhelm IV., King of Prussia

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Wilhelm I., German Emperor and King of Prussia















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The Christ Chapel


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The place where from 1952-1991 the coffin with the mortial 
remains of King Friedrich II. (Der Große) of Prussia was placed
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The place where from 1952-1991 the coffin with the mortial 
remains of King Friedrich Wilhelm I. in Prussia was placed

 The St. Michaels Chapel

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Memorial Placque for Queen Stephanie of Portugal,
née Princess of Hohenzollern and her brother Prince Anton
of Hohenzollern in the St. Michaels Chapel

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Bust of Wilhelm II., German Emperor and King of Prussia



Some Buildings in the Inner Courtyard
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The entrance and stairs in the Princes Trakt  (Fürstentrakt)

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The Keep




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2 comments:

Natalie Nenno said...

Great pictures!!! I've visited Hohenzollern Castle last winter. Unfortunately the weather was wayyyy too cold to enjoy the view. :(

Traveler's Closet: Hohenzollern Castle

Thomas Rex said...

I had a Fulbright Stipendium to Tuebingen in the 1970s and could see Burg Hohenzollern from my window. I remember being astonished (as an American) finding a huge portrait of Vicky as Empress Friedrich hanging there...and thus began my interest in the european and British monarchies. Some day I will visit again, I hope. Danke, Stefan